Parasites are a great threat to our lives, causing many problems. So they should not be ignored. Let’s have a look at the top 10 parasites that can damage the brain.
1. Toxoplasma Gondii:
It is the most famous neurological parasite. Toxoplasma gondii is silently present in the brains of more than two billion people, giving them no clue until it attacks. It causes the change in the performance level, risky behaviors and change in the reaction time to the things. Sometimes it also leads to a physiological problem called schizophrenia.
2. Naegleria Fowleri:
Naegleria is a dangerous amoeba. Found in water which stays as a cyst until it forms into the trophozoit upon meeting it’s host. It goes towards brain and attaches itself to the brain tissues, where it gives birth to ameobostone which starts chewing brain matter. This amoeba divides and multiplies in the brain. It starts it’s symptoms after talking over the vrain completely. Mostly, the patients survive for two weeks in which they starts losing their senses, getting confused, having fever, stiffness and hallucinating before they meet their end.
It is a parasite carried by tsetse fly which often has an attraction towards the human brain. It is responsible for host’s moods distribution, sleeping cycle and behavior. It makes the host sleep and wake up at odd timings, causing itching, strange talks, depression and leading to coma and finally to death.
4. Taenia Solium/Pork Tapeworm:
Taenia solium also called pork tapeworm, transmitted mostly from pork. Its eggs containing ineffective larvae travels from intestine to the blood of the host. They settle themselves in different tissues, specially going towards the central nervous system. It causes neurocysticercosis in the brain, resulting in seizures and other neurological problems.
Found in the blood of its host in the form of a microscopic roundworm. It produces the molecules that start damaging the brain and its functions. Other organs are affected by it too, which are difficult to diagnose.
6. Spirometra Erinaceieuropae:
It is a parasite which does not commonly occurs. It has a record of affecting 300 people worldwide in the past half century. It’s infection spreads through drinking infected crustaceans containing water, causing headache, seizures and memory loss in its host. It also swells the muscles of the eye and appears large nodules under the skin.
Eating under cooked food crah or crayfish can cost you a hard time, as it enters a flatworm with parasitic infection in the host, called paragonimiasis. Traveling through the bloodstream, it makes its way to the brain, where it infects the tissues and causes headache, seizures and strokes.
8. Cerebral Malaria:
An infected mosquito is responsible for the entrance of the cerebral malaria. It causes Death by destructing the brain tissues. Even if someone survives, they suffer from deafness, blindness, seizures, changes in consciousness and other problems.
9. Halicephalobus Gingivalis:
It is a nematode transmitted through contaminated food and skin. It heads towards the central nervous system and then to the blood-brain barrier. It affects people suffering from cancer or HIV/AIDS, causing inflammation in their brain, spinal cord and membranes, leading them to death.
A tap warm called hydrolysis or echinococcus develops cysts in the brain and spinal cord of the host, damaging the brain and it’s functions. This parasite is transmitted into the body by eating contaminated food.