1. Muhammad bin Musa Al-Khawarzimi
- He was born (780-847 AD) in Khawarzim.
- He contributed richly in the feild of Mathematics, Astronomy and Geography and was one of the greatest scientists of all times.
- He was considered as an authority on Mathematics.
- Composed the oldest work on Arithmetics, Algebra and Astronomy.
2. Abu-Ali Sina
- He was born in 980 AD at Bukhara.
- He is considered as an intellect giant of the middle ages.
- He contributed to Medical Science, Philosophy, Logic, Mathematics, Astronomy and Music.
- His famous book, “Al-Qanoon Fil Tib” ( canon in Latin ) was translated in many languages and it remained the sole textbook of medicine for long time.
3. Al-Razi (865-925)
- He was a Persian Muslim and a great physician by profession.
- He was also interested in physics and chemistry.
- Along with Ibn-e-Sina he was the most brilliant pillar of Islamic Medicine.
- He contributed in the fields of music, philosophy, mathematics, astronomy and ethics.
- Wrote a monograph on ” Diseases Of Children”.
- An excellent teacher of medicine.
- His famous books are:
i. Arabian Medicine
- He was born in Basrah in 1058 AD.
- He died in 1123 AD.
- He was a learned political economist.
- He was an expert on diverse subjects like religion, ethics, literature and politics.
- His famous books are:
- He was born near the town of Khawarzim in 973 AD.
- He was a physician, a geographer and a historian.
- He explained the problems of advanced trigonometry.
- He discovered the light travels faster than sound.
- He made people understand the terms of longitude and latitude.
6. Abu Ishaq Al-Kindi
- He was born in the beginning or 9th century in Basrah.
- He was known as Al-Kindus in the west, and was a great physicist.
- He wrote a treatise on geometrical and physiological optics.
- Gave his opinion about the laws that govern the law of falling bodies.
- Also gave his contribution in music and specific weights.
- He also gave some facts about the reflection of light.
7. Ibne Al-Haitham
- Known as Alhazan in the west.
- He was born at Basrah in 975 AD.
- He was a great mathematician, physiologist and optician.
- He is well known for his works in optics which were translated into Latin.
- He explained refraction of light rays through transparent objects, discovered magnifying lenses and function of ratina as the seat of vision.