History Of Muslim Scientists

1. Muhammad bin Musa Al-Khawarzimi

  • He was born (780-847 AD) in Khawarzim.
  • He contributed richly in the feild of Mathematics, Astronomy and Geography and was one of the greatest scientists of all times.
  • He was considered as an authority on Mathematics.
  • Composed the oldest work on Arithmetics, Algebra and Astronomy.

2. Abu-Ali Sina

  • He was born in 980 AD at Bukhara.
  • He is considered as an intellect giant of the middle ages.
  • He contributed to Medical Science, Philosophy, Logic, Mathematics, Astronomy and Music.
  • His famous book, “Al-Qanoon Fil Tib” ( canon in Latin ) was translated in many languages and it remained the sole textbook of medicine for long time.

3. Al-Razi (865-925)

  • He was a Persian Muslim and a great physician by profession.
  • He was also interested in physics and chemistry.
  • Along with Ibn-e-Sina he was the most brilliant pillar of Islamic Medicine.
  • He contributed in the fields of music, philosophy, mathematics, astronomy and ethics.
  • Wrote a monograph on ” Diseases Of Children”.
  • An excellent teacher of medicine.
  • His famous books are:
    i. Arabian Medicine
    ii. Kitab-e-Mansuri
    iii. Kitab-al-Asrar
    iv. Al-Hawi.

4. Al-Mawardi

  • He was born in Basrah in 1058 AD.
  • He died in 1123 AD.
  • He was a learned political economist.
  • He was an expert on diverse subjects like religion, ethics, literature and politics.
  • His famous books are:
    i. Al-Bayan-wat-Tabiyan
    ii. Al-Aknan-us-Sultaniyah
    iii. Al-Iqna

5. Al-Biruni

  • He was born near the town of Khawarzim in 973 AD.
  • He was a physician, a geographer and a historian.
  • He explained the problems of advanced trigonometry.
  • He discovered the light travels faster than sound.
  • He made people understand the terms of longitude and latitude.

6. Abu Ishaq Al-Kindi

    • He was born in the beginning or 9th century in Basrah.
    • He was known as Al-Kindus in the west, and was a great physicist.
    • He wrote a treatise on geometrical and physiological optics.
    • Gave his opinion about the laws that govern the law of falling bodies.
    • Also gave his contribution in music and specific weights.
    • He also gave some facts about the reflection of light.

7. Ibne Al-Haitham

  • Known as Alhazan in the west.
  • He was born at Basrah in 975 AD.
  • He was a great mathematician, physiologist and optician.
  • He is well known for his works in optics which were translated into Latin.
  • He explained refraction of light rays through transparent objects, discovered magnifying lenses and function of ratina as the seat of vision.