1. Burj Khalifa:
Burj Khalifa Arabic name is “Khalifa Tower”. Also known as Burj Dubai. It is a skyscraper in Dubai United Arab Emirates. Its total height is 829.8m and roof height excluding antenna is 829m. Due to its unique characteristics, it was ranked as the world’s highest building for 8 years (). Its construction started on Jan 6, 2004, and completed in 5 years on Oct 1, 2009. It is designed by Adrian Smith (American Architect). The concept was taken from the Islamic Architecture of the Great Mosque of Samara. It is a multi-purpose development comprising 30,000 flats, 9 Hotels, a huge parking area of 3 hectares, 19 residential skyscrapers, The Dubai Mall, and Artificial Khalifa Lakes spread over 12 hectares.
It holds many records.
- Tallest free-standing structure in the world.
- Tallest Skyscraper 829m.
- Building with the most floors 163.
- World’s highest elevator installation.
- World’s highest installation of an aluminum and glass facades 512m.
- World’s highest nightclub 144th
- Highest restaurants 122nd floor at 442m.
- Highest new year display of fireworks.
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2. Shanghai Tower:
It is located in 501 Yuncheng Middle Rd, Lujiazui, Pudong, Shanghai. Its total height is 632 m (2,073 ft). It is the world’s second-tallest building by height and tallest twisted building in the world. Its Construction began in November 2008 and work was considered finished in September 2015. Its Architecture is designed by Jun Xia (Gensler). It has 128 floors on the ground and 5 floors below the ground. It has 106 Elevators. Its cost of construction is CN¥15.7 billion. It is a multipurpose building consist of shops, restaurants, offices, hotel lobbies, VIP Business Centre, Cafeteria, Spicy Hall, VIP Room, Boutique floor.
3. Abraj Al-Bait:
It is a government-owned seven skyscraper hotel in Mecca, Saudi Arabia. Its height is 601 m (1,972 ft). This project includes a clock on the roof of all the main sides. Its construction started in 2004 and was completed on. its cost is 15 billion USD. Currently, it is the fifth-tallest freestanding structure in the world. Abraj Al-Bait Towers has two large prayer rooms (one for men, one for women) capable of accommodating more than 10,000 people. Its architectural style is postmodern new classical. It has 120 floors and 86 elevators.
The main structures of the building are
- Makkah Royal Clock Tower 601m high.
- Hajar its height is 601m.
- Zamzam its height is 279m.
- Safa its height is 279m.
- Marwa its height is 220m.
- Al Makam its height is 220m.
- Qibla its height is 232m.
4. Ping an International Finance Center:
It is located in No. 5033 Yitian Road, Futian District, Shenzhen, Guangdong, China. Its construction started in 2010 and completed in 2017. Its cost is $1.5 billion (USD estimated). Its height is 599 meters. Its architecture is designed by Kohn Pedersen Fox Associates. It has 120 floors, 115 on the ground, plus 5 underground floors and 33 double-deck elevators. It is a Multipurpose building consisting of offices, hotels, retail spaces, conference centers, and a high-end shopping mall.
5. Goldin Finance 117:
It is also known as China 117 Tower. It resembles a walking stick, hence its other name “Walking Stick”. It is in Xiqing District, Tianjin, China. The tower is expected to be 597 m (1,959 ft) with 117 stories. Construction began in 2008, and it was scheduled to be completed in 2014. Construction was suspended in January 2010 but resumed in 2011, its completion estimated in 2020.